Wordsworth is the greatest poet of Nature. His uniqueness lies in the fact that he has presented in his poetry an impressive and emotionally satisfying account of man’s relation to Nature. In his poetry Nature comes first and man second. He believes that man is not apart from Nature, but is the very life of her life.
The poem Tintern Abbey expresses Wordsworth’s firm belief in Natures power to console man in moments of depression and weariness. The poet has been absent from the lovely scenes of the wye valley but he has not forgotten the scene through his long absence. When he was troubled in the noisy towns and cities, the memories of the lovely scenes of Nature refreshed his mind and brought him pleasure and pace of mind. This beautiful scenery also prompted him to perform little acts of love and charity to humanity.
There is another benefit. Deep contemplation stirs in him higher emotion like love, faith, devotion, piety and tis stirring leads him to a blissful state of mind and in this state the functions of body seem to be suspended for the time being. In this state of mind, we seem to have last our bodily existence, and become pure souls only. In this state of spiritual existence, we acquire a mental vision of the harmony in all the creations and we become able to see the mystery of the world. In this state an inner region of perfect law and other that holds the universe of Man and Nature together emerges before our mental vision.
Nature has a great role in shaping and developing human mind. In his boyhood, Wordsworth felt an animal pleasure in Nature and in his early youth, his love of Nature was purely sensuous. But in his mature years his love of Nature becomes spiritual and intellectual. Now he become able to read the hidden meaning of Nature. In the running water of the brook, he heard the still sad music of humanity. The water of the brook gave him the idea of the tears and troubles of humanity. Contemplation over human sufferings has chastened and humanized his soul. Now being chastened in heart he has been able to find an eternal bod between Man and Nature.
Pantheism is the very bed-rock of Wordsworth philosophy of Nature. In Tintern Abbey the poet expresses his firm belief in the existence of a mysterious soul brooding over the universe and the mind of man. The presence of this sprit stirs the poet’s soul with an elevation of thoughts. This spirit is diffused and pervades through all objects of Nature such as the light of the setting sun, the round ocean, the living air and the sky overhead. It is also diffused over the mid of man. The poet loves the woods, the mountains and the fields since they are the visible shape of God. Nature is the source of purest thought; she is the guide and guardian of moral being.
Thus Tintern Abbey is an epitome of all that is really important in Wordsworth’s philosophy of Nature and Man. It presents his idea of the relationship between Man and Nature.